What is spoliation?

Understand the definition of spoliation under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure

With respect to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (FRCP), spoliation is the loss or destruction of potentially relevant information that should have been preserved for a civil litigation matter.

However, that general definition is subject to some variation depending on the rules of a specific jurisdiction, as are the consequences for spoliation. For example, some jurisdictions only consider there to be spoliation if a party loses actual evidence, not just discoverable information.

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